RWTH Aachen University

Let $G$ be a graph with vertex set $V(G)$. For any integer $kge 1$, a signed (total) $k$-dominating functionis a function $f: V(G) rightarrow { -1, 1}$ satisfying $sum_{xin N[v]}f(x)ge k$ ($sum_{xin N(v)}f(x)ge k$)for every $vin V(G)$, where $N(v)$ is the neighborhood of $v$ and $N[v]=N(v)cup{v}$. The minimum of the values$sum_{vin V(G)}f(v)$, taken over all signed (total) $k$-dominating functi...

A double Roman dominating function on a graph $G$ with vertex set $V(G)$ is defined in cite{bhh} as a function$f:V(G)rightarrow{0,1,2,3}$ having the property that if $f(v)=0$, then the vertex $v$ must have at least twoneighbors assigned 2 under $f$ or one neighbor $w$ with $f(w)=3$, and if $f(v)=1$, then the vertex $v$ must haveat least one neighbor $u$ with $f(u)ge 2$. The weight of a double R...

Let $G$ be a connected graph with minimum degree $delta$ and edge-connectivity $lambda$. A graph ismaximally edge-connected if $lambda=delta$, and it is super-edge-connected if every minimum edge-cut istrivial; that is, if every minimum edge-cut consists of edges incident with a vertex of minimum degree.In this paper, we show that a connected graph or a connected triangle-free graph is maximall...

Let $D$ be a finite and simple digraph with vertex set $V(D)$.A signed total Roman $k$-dominating function (STR$k$DF) on$D$ is a function $f:V(D)rightarrow{-1, 1, 2}$ satisfying the conditionsthat (i) $sum_{xin N^{-}(v)}f(x)ge k$ for each$vin V(D)$, where $N^{-}(v)$ consists of all vertices of $D$ fromwhich arcs go into $v$, and (ii) every vertex $u$ for which$f(u)=-1$ has a...

Let D be a digraph with vertex set V(D) .For vertex v V(D), the degree of v, denoted by d(v), is defined as the minimum value if its out-degree and its in-degree . Now let D be a digraph with minimum degree and edge-connectivity If is real number, then the zeroth-order general Randic index is defined by . A digraph is maximally edge-connected if . In this paper we present sufficient condi...

An {em Italian dominating function} on a digraph $D$ with vertex set $V(D)$ is defined as a function$fcolon V(D)to {0, 1, 2}$ such that every vertex $vin V(D)$ with $f(v)=0$ has at least two in-neighborsassigned 1 under $f$ or one in-neighbor $w$ with $f(w)=2$. A set ${f_1,f_2,ldots,f_d}$ of distinctItalian dominating functions on $D$ with the property that $sum_{i=1}^d f_i(v)le 2$ for each $vi...

Roman dominating function} on a digraph $D$ with vertex set $V(D)$ is a labeling$fcolon V(D)to {0, 1, 2}$such that every vertex with label $0$ has an in-neighbor with label $2$. A set ${f_1,f_2,ldots,f_d}$ ofRoman dominating functions on $D$ with the property that $sum_{i=1}^d f_i(v)le 2$ for each $vin V(D)$,is called a {em Roman dominating family} (of functions) on $D$....

Let $G$ be a simple graph with vertex set $V$. A double Roman dominating function (DRDF) on $G$ is a function $f:Vrightarrow{0,1,2,3}$ satisfying that if $f(v)=0$, then the vertex $v$ must be adjacent to at least two vertices assigned $2$ or one vertex assigned $3$ under $f$, whereas if $f(v)=1$, then the vertex $v$ must be adjacent to at least one vertex assigned $2$ or $3$. The weight of a DR...

A {em weak signed Roman dominating function} (WSRDF) of a graph $G$ with vertex set $V(G)$ is defined as afunction $f:V(G)rightarrow{-1,1,2}$ having the property that $sum_{xin N[v]}f(x)ge 1$ for each $vin V(G)$, where $N[v]$ is theclosed neighborhood of $v$. The weight of a WSRDF is the sum of its function values over all vertices.The weak signed Roman domination number of $G...

Let $G$ be a finite and simple graph with vertex set $V(G)$. A nonnegative signed total Roman dominating function (NNSTRDF) on a graph $G$ is a function $f:V(G)rightarrow{-1, 1, 2}$ satisfying the conditionsthat (i) $sum_{xin N(v)}f(x)ge 0$ for each $vin V(G)$, where $N(v)$ is the open neighborhood of $v$, and (ii) every vertex $u$ for which $f(u...

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