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Ali Haghdoost

Research Center for Modeling in Health, Institute of Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

[ 1 ] - Changing the Insight of Scientists in High Income Countries: A Solution for Collaborative Research with Lower Income Countries

The recent issue of Asia Pacific Journal of Medical Toxicology made an important and interesting theme “What is the Best Research for Low Income Countries?” (1). We enjoyed reading the paper; nevertheless we hope to find a chance to share our idea. It was mentioned that some, for sure not all, researchers from the developed countries might not have enough motivation to contribute to the scient...

[ 2 ] - Improved Classification of Medical Universities in Iran, a New Approach

Background: In order to check the practicality of classification of Universities of Medical Sciences (UMSs) based on their infrastructures, and scientific contributions, this study explored the most appropriate indicators to measure the size and productivity of UMSs. Methods: In the first phase, we approached a group of experts who had a deep experience in the management of UMSs and in the mini...

[ 3 ] - How and Where Do We Ask Sensitive Questions: Self-reporting of STI-associated Symptoms Among the Iranian General Population

Background Reliable population-based data on sexually transmitted infections (STI) are limited in Iran and selfreporting remains the main source of indirect estimation of STI-associated symptoms in the country. However, where and how the questions are asked could influence the rate of self-reporting. In the present study, we aimed to assess what questionnaire delivery method (ie, face-to-face i...

[ 4 ] - Improving the Quality and Quantity of HIV Data in the Middle East and North Africa: Key Challenges and Ways Forward

Although the HIV pandemic is witnessing a decline in the number of new infections in most regions of the world, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has a rapidly growing HIV problem. While generating HIV data has been consistently increasing since 2005, MENA’s contribution to the global HIV literature is just over 1% and the existing evidence often falls behind the academic standards. Sever...

[ 5 ] - The Frequency of Alcohol Use in Iranian Urban Population: The Results of a National Network Scale Up Survey

Background In Islamic countries alcohol consumption is considered as against religious values. Therefore, estimation of frequency of alcohol consumptions using direct methods is prone to different biases. In this study, we indirectly estimated the frequency of alcohol use in Iran, in network of a representative sample using network scale up (NSU) method.   Methods In a national survey, about 40...

[ 6 ] - Care Seeking Patterns of STIs-Associated Symptoms in Iran: Findings of a Population-Based Survey

Background Understanding the prevalence of symptoms associated with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and how care is sought for those symptoms are important components of STIs control and prevention. People’s preference between public and private service providers is another important part of developing a well-functioning STIs surveillance system.   Methods This cross-sectional survey was...

[ 7 ] - Iran’s Shift in Family Planning Policies: Concerns and Challenges

Iran’s significant success in implementing Family Planning (FP) during the past 25 years, has made it a role model in the world. The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) in Iran has dropped from 6.5 in 1960 to 1.6 in 2012, which is well below the targeted value of 2.2 for the country. Iran’s success story, however, did not merely root in the implementation of FP programs. In other words, families’ strong...

[ 8 ] - Impact of Socio-Economic Status on the Hospital Readmission of Congestive Heart Failure Patients: A Prospective Cohort Study

Background The aim of this study was to examine the impacts of multiple indicators of Socio-economic Status (SES) on Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) related readmission.   Methods A prospective study consisting of 315 patients without the history of admission due to CHF was carried out in Tehran during 2010 and 2011. They were classified into quartiles based on their SES applying Principal Compo...

[ 9 ] - Addressing the Needs of Sexual Partners of People Who Inject Drugs through Peer Prevention Programs in Iran

Despite the fact that HIV epidemic is mainly driven by injection drug use in Iran, partners of People Who Inject Drugs (PWID) have been seriously neglected in terms of effective preventive interventions. Currently, sexual partners of PWID might have access to some harm reduction services at Voluntary Counselling and Testing (VCT) centers; however, their needs have not been effectively targeted ...

[ 11 ] - How do Students Conceptualize Health and its Risk Factors? A Study among Iranian Schoolchildren

Background To assess the concept of children concerning their health and its risk factors, a group of primary and middle school students were asked to draw a few relevant pictures in order to deeply explore the comprehension of this key group.   Methods In this cross-sectional study 1165 students, aged 7-15 years old, selected through random stratified sampling, were asked to draw a number of e...

[ 12 ] - Influence of Pattern of Missing Data on Performance of Imputation Methods: An Example from National Data on Drug Injection in Prisons

Background Policy makers need models to be able to detect groups at high risk of HIV infection. Incomplete records and dirty data are frequently seen in national data sets. Presence of missing data challenges the practice of model development. Several studies suggested that performance of imputation methods is acceptable when missing rate is moderate. One of the issues which was of less concern...

[ 13 ] - تبیین وضعیت نظام مراقبت عفونت بیمارستانی در ایران: یک مطالعه کیفی

مقدمه: با توجه به نوپا بودن نظام مراقبت عفونت بیمارستانی در ایران، بررسی ابعاد مختلف آن در راستای پویایی و ارتقا کیفیت آن امری ضروری است. بر همین اساس با انجام این مطالعه وضعیت نظام مراقبت عفونت بیمارستانی تبیین گردید. روش: این مطالعه از نوع تحلیل محتوای کیفی بوده است که داده های آن با بهره گیری از روش نمونه گیری هدفمند و 17 مصاحبه عمیق و 3 جلسه بحث گروهی متمرکز با صاحبان فرایند جمع اوری گردید....

[ 14 ] - طراحی پرسشنامه معتبر برای ارزیابی آگاهی، نگرش و عملکرد کودکان 12 ساله ایرانی در مورد سلامت دهان

Background and purpose: To organize oral health promotion programs in Iran, assessing the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of students is important.The aim of this study was to design a comprehensive and validate questionnaire on KAP of oral health in 12-year old children in Iran. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study included 1554 children aged 12 years old who were selected...

[ 15 ] - بررسی شیوع ناتوانی و عوامل خطر آن در سالمندان شهر اصفهان در سال ۱۳۹۰

Objectives: Due to the increasing elderly population in the country, this study was conducted to determine the level of disability and associated factors, in order to plan for the prevention of disability and reduce the effects of aging. Methods & Materials: This study was conducted through cross-sectional, descriptive analysis and cluster sampling method among 300 patients aged 60 years and...

[ 16 ] - بررسی ویژگی‌های روانسنجی پرسشنامه هوش معنوی کینگ در جانبازان جسمی جنگ ایران عراق

اهداف: پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی ویژگی‌های روانسنجی پرسشنامه هوش معنوی کینگ در جانبازان جسمی جنگ ایران- عراق در سال 1393 انجام گرفت. روش‌ها: در این مطالعه مقطعی، 211 جانباز جنگ ایران و عراق با استفاده از نمونه‌گیری در دسترس در مطالعه شرکت کردند. تحلیل مؤلفه‌های اصلی با استفاده از چرخش واریمکس به‌منظور بررسی ساختار عاملی پرسشنامه هوش معنوی کینگ انجام شد. ثبات درونی و بیرونی پرسشنامه به ترتیب با اس...

[ 17 ] - آینده‌پژوهی بخش‌های بیمارستانی

Background and Objectives: Changing the roll of hospital in far future and necessity of long and medium term planning regarding to these changes is undeniable. Evaluation and selection of different approaches to change the hospitals, requires extensive investigations in this area to find the best response, considering the conditions and characteristics of a country. Materials and Methods: Th...

[ 18 ] - فراتحلیل شیوع پوکی استخوان در زنان ایرانی ((مرور سیستماتیک و متاآنالیز))

مقدمه: بررسی‌های توصیفی زیادی در زمینه‌ی پوکی استخوان در ایران وجود دارد که به طور عمده، شیوع این بیماری و ارتباط آن با عوامل مختلف را بررسی کرده‌اند. به منظور کسب چشم‌انداز بهتری از اپیدمیولوژی این بیماری در ایران و هتروژنیتی آن در مناطق مختلف، تمام بررسی‌های موجود به صورت نظام‌مند مرور و یافته‌های آنها با روش فراتحلیل مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. مواد و روش‌ها: تمام مقاله‌های منتشر شده در مج...

[ 19 ] - Molecular Epidemiology of HIV-1 in Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan

We conducted this study to obtain a comprehensive picture of molecular epidemiology of HIV-1 in three neighboring countries, i.e. Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan as a basis for discussing possible hypothesis regarding between-country virus transmission. Our results showed that subtype composition differs between these countries with more variation in Pakistan than Iran and Afghanistan. The CRF3...

[ 20 ] - A Successful implementation of an idea to a nationally approved plan: Analyzing Iran\'s National Health Roadmap using the Kingdon model of policymaking

Introduction: Hospital beds, human resources, and medical equipment are the costliest elements in the health system and play an essential role at the time of treatment. In this paper, different phases of the NEDA 2026 project and its methodological approach were presented and its formulation process was analysed using the Kingdon model of policymaking.    Methods: Iran Health Roadmap...

[ 21 ] - Validation of the verbal autopsy questionnaire for adult deaths in Iran

Background: Verbal Autopsy Questionnaire (VA) is an important tool to estimate the cause of death among those populations lacking an appropriate death registration system. In this study, the validity and reliability of verbal autopsy were assessed.    Methods: The Persian version of the questionnaire was prepared using the translation and back- translation method. In the first and se...

[ 22 ] - First birth cesarean proportion: A missed indicator in controlling policies

Background: Around one out of two mothers give births by cesarean section (CS) surgery in Iran and about half of this number is due to previous CS. Recently Health Sector Evolution (HSEP) program (started in April 2014) targets the high rate of CS in Iran. To assess the impact of the interventions, we emphasized that the First Birth Cesarean (FBC) proportion is one of the main indicators to ass...

[ 23 ] - Health technology assessment: Off-site sterilization

Background: Every year millions of dollars are expended to equip and maintain the hospital sterilization centers, and our country is not an exception of this matter. According to this, it is important to use more effective technologies and methods in health system in order to reach more effectiveness and saving in costs. This study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the technology of regi...

[ 24 ] - Estimation of the prevalence of chronic kidney disease: The results of a model based estimation in Kerman, Iran

Background: Chronic kidney disease is asymptomatic until its last stages and though it is increasing globally, we are faced with paucity of a population-based model to assess this disease, particularly in developing countries. Therefore, the aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and trends of CKD according to a new estimation method.   Methods: Using multiplier method, we est...

[ 25 ] - How within-city socioeconomic disparities affect life expectancy? Results of Urban HEART in Tehran, Iran

  Background :There is substantial lack of knowledge about the role of socioeconomic status (SES) indicators on life expectancy (LE) within-cities, especially within mega-cities. We aimed to investigate the disparities of LE within city districts of Tehran, Iran, and specify how SES inequalities play role on LE.   Methods : The death and population data for 2010 by different age, gender, and re...

[ 26 ] - Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections based on syndromic approach and associated factors among Iranian women

Background and purpose: Reproductive and sexual health related problems constitute one third of health problems among women aged 15 to 44 years. Sexually transmitted infections are a significant challenge for human development. We aimed to assess the prevalence of STIs and identify factors associated with among Iranian women. Materials and Methods: Through a cross-sectional study, 399 women ...

[ 27 ] - Condom Use and its Associated Factors Among Iranian Youth: Results From a Population-Based Study

Background Given the young structure of Iran’s population and the fact that extramarital sexual relationships are both prohibited by legislation and shunned by society and religion, examining condom use practices among Iranian youth is highly important. The aim of this study was to explore condom use and its correlates among Iranian...

[ 28 ] - کیفیت زندگی ساکنان بالای 15 سال آپارتمان‌نشین، در مقایسه با ساکنان بالای 15 سال غیر آپارتمان‌نشین شهر شیراز در سال 91-90

Background & Objectives: Nowadays, human values for example quality of life has important place to be considered as health index along with other measurements like morbidity and mortality indexes. This study intended to compare the quality of life for residents living in apartment’s flats more than 15 years with residents living in non-apartment housing in Shiraz. Methods: The World Health Org...

[ 29 ] - روند تغییرات شاخص‌های مهم سلامت و الگوی نابرابری جغرافیایی آنها در جمعیت روستایی کشور

  مقدمه: علی‌رغم ارزش بسیار زیاد اطلاعات زیج حیاتی در پایش و ارزشیابی عملکرد نظام سلامت، تا کنون کمتر به صورت منسجم و دقیق این اطلاعات مورد تحلیل قرار گرفته است. این مطالعه با هدف بررسی روند تغییرات و الگوی نابرابری شاخص‌های سلامت در جمعیت روستایی کشور در طول زمان، از طریق تحلیل عمیق اطلاعات زیج سلامت انجام گردید. روش کـار: مقادیر 9 شاخص مهم سلامت زیج حیاتی برای سال‌های 1372 تا 1384 از گزارش‌ها...

[ 30 ] - Awareness and Attitude Towards Opioid and Stimulant Use and Lifetime Prevalence of the Drugs: A Study in 5 Large Cities of Iran

Background Providing population-based data on awareness, attitude and practice of drug and stimulant use has policy implications. A national study was conducted among Iranian general population to explore life time prevalence, awareness and attitudes toward opioids and stimulant use.   Methods We recruited subjects from 5 provinces with heterogenic pattern of drug use. P...

[ 31 ] - Analysis of Iran’s National Medical Education Evolution and Innovation Plan using the Michelle and Scott’s model of policymaking

Introduction: Lack of a clear policy for the development of healthhuman resources has created inconsistencies. These imbalancesare threats to the health system to achieve its goals. Therefore, thedevelopment of human resources through proper performance ofhigher education health system is an important part of the policydevelopment process of the health sector. The present paper aimsto introduce...

[ 32 ] - Relationship between academic and educational conditions of medical students in Iran with academic failure: systematic review and comparing them with the views of professors

Introduction: Identifying the causes and concomitant issues of academic failure, which are considered to be failures of the educational system, is one of the practical issues in the field of educational research. Due to the lack of a comprehensive review of all published documents despite numerous papers in this field in Iran, this study attempted to systematically review published texts over ...

[ 33 ] - The Relationship of Study and Learning approaches with Students’ Academic Achievement in Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences

Introduction: Most experts consider learning approach as the fundamental basis of learning dividing it into two parts of deep learning approach and surface learning approach. This is an endeavor to investigate the relationship between learning and study approaches with academic achievement among students in Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional stu...

[ 34 ] - The first national Olympiad on reasoning and decision making in Health system management an experience Report

Introduction: Health system management is regarded a chief duty and skill of health care providers. However, medical students do not receive enough training for it. The first national Olympiad for students of medical sciences was designed to motivate students for acquiring managerial skills, improve reasoning and problem solving skills, and also propagate team working in students in an excitin...

[ 35 ] - Investigating Factors Affecting Overseas Students' Academic Achievement: a Systematic Review on International Documents

Introduction: Success in achieving scientific outcomes is of special importance for students studying overseas and inland. The aim of this study was to investigate national and international documents and evidences considering factors affecting overseas students' academic achievement in recent years. Methods: The main keywords used in this study were: academic success, scholarship, foreign stu...

[ 36 ] - HIV Modes of Transmission in Sudan in 2014

Background In Sudan, where studies on HIV dynamics are few, model projections provide an additional source of information for policy-makers to identify data collection priorities and develop prevention programs. In this study, we aimed to estimate the distribution of new HIV infections by mode of exposure and to identify populations...

[ 37 ] - Feasibility Analysis of 2025 Iran Health Roadmap Implementation

Feasibility Analysis of 2025 Iran Health Roadmap Implementation Asma Sabermahani1, Somaye Noori Hekmat2, Ali Akbar Haghdoost3* 1Assistant Professor, Ph.D. in Health Economics, Health Service Management Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman 2Associate Professor, Ph.D. in Health Services Management, Management and Leadership in Medical Education Research Center, Kerman...

[ 38 ] - Achievements of the Cochrane Iran Associate Centre: Lessons Learned

Healthcare decision-making is a process that mainly depends on evidence and involves increasing numbers of stakeholders, including the consumers. Cochrane evidence responds to this challenge by identifying, appraising, integrating and synthesizing high-quality evidence. Recently, a collaborative effort has been initiated in Iran with Cochrane to establish a representati...